William Eckert


William Eckert was born the 13th of August 1797, in Virginia[i], spent some time in Ohio, before coming down to Jackson, Missouri[ii] where the young man opened his first Mercantile. He served in the War of 1812[iii] and then arrived in the young village of St. Charles, where he married Francina “Fannie” Smith in the old Borremeo Church [Saint Charles Borromeo Parish] on the 16th of April, 1818[iv].This enterprising young man opened a tavern calling it the Sign of the Buffalo [Bradden’s Restaurant, 515 South Main Street (See Photo Below)][v] that vied for being the location of the temporary State Capitol [Missouri’s First State Capitol, 200 S. Main] with the Peck brothers, Charles and Ruloff, when it was coming to St. Charles in 1821. Despite proving that he had a better location, Eckert would lose out, most probably ­due to the politics at the time. It is local legend that this would would be where William Becknell and George Sibley would map the route for the first excursion to Sante Fe at this inn. (Becknell is the founder of the Sante Fe Trail, which is celebrating its 200th Anniversary in 2021.)

This promising young businessman went on to become a trustee[vi], and the treasurer for the village of St. Charles[vii], and run the postal route between St. Charles and Bowling Green[viii]. He was also one of four owners in the Steam Ferry Boat Company that ran on the Missouri River with their boat the James Morrison.[ix] His partner Francis Yosti was a son-in-law of the James Morrison who lived down at the corner of Clay [today First Capitol] and Main [today’s Berthold Park] (See Photo Below). By 1840, he owned six enslaved people that perhaps made up two families: two males ages between the ages of 10-23, one female between the years of 36 to 54, two females between 10-23, and one female child under the age of 10. 

Eckert’s son-in-law was another enterprising young man, 21 year-old Franklin Newbill who owned the woolen mill at the corner of Main and today’s Boone’s Lick Road [Schlafly Bankside, 920 S. Main Street] (See Photo Below), who had married his 16 year-old daughter Marian “Polly” on the 3rd of December 1835[x]. They would later live in a two-story brick house on Main Street [Newbill-McElhiney house, 625 South Main] which was built on a lot Eckert had bought from John Yarnell on the 4th of February 1824.[xi]  Eckert’s fifteen year old daughter Caroline married twenty-eight year old Owen Andrews from New York, on November 4, 1840. 

Over the years, Eckert and Newbill were in business together, but by October of 1845, they had had a falling out and Newbill was totally out of the picture. William Eckert and his family were living at 625 South Main (See Photo Below) when Eckert died on April 2, 1846. When Eckert died, his widow Fannie ordered two caskets, one lined and one unlined from Stephen Werremeier a carpenter who was her next door neighbor, who charged her $18.00 that April 3rd. Eckert was then buried on the hillside graveyard known as the “city of the dead” overlooking the village he loved so much.

In 1850, Owen Andrews owned 8 enslaved individuals was the innkeeper; and Eckert’s widow Fannie was the owner of the Western House [1001 S. Main Street] (See Photo Below) and owned three enslaved individuals; a 26 year-old black female, a 14 year-old black male, and a little nine month old black girl. The Inn was where the Boone’s Lick Road took off to the town of Franklin (in Howard County) and the beginning of the Sante Fe Trail. 

Many years later, the St. Charles Banner-News, on the 26th of August in 1909 carried the following article “Ancient History” written by its Editor:

“The reminiscences and recollections of Mrs. Louisa Heye which are being printed in the Cosmos are full of interest, and for the most part fairly correct… If we are correctly informed the mortal remains of William Eckert sleep up on the “River Side” Cemetery, which the town of St. Charles purchased and used as a “city of the dead” many years ago, but now abandoned. If this information is correct, we could not have a more peaceful resting place. The ripple of the river sings constantly his requiem and around the forest trees the stillness of nature is broken only by the sighing winds and the songs of the bids. In his life he was alert, active, and full of energy, contributing to the growth and progress of the town his might and after life’s fitful fever he sleeps well.”[xii]

Eckert’s probate, was administered by his close and best friend William G. Pettus, Missouri’s first Secretary of State, was known for crossing all of his Ts and dotting all his i. In that estate, we find Lot 3 of Block 1, which on August 28,1848, Pettus is selling some of Eckert’s numerous properties to settle the estate. The property description states “saving and excepting out of Lot. No. 3 in Block No. 1, one half acre of land laid off in a square form in such manner that the grave of said William Eckert shall lie in center of said one half acre….”[xiii]

Today, that small 147 foot by 147 foot half-acre plot lies somewhere along the hillside on the south end of St. Charles near the Crestview Apartments. It is hard to imagine a cemetery there today. Funny the things you find when you’re not looking for them.  When I found this mention of Eckert’s grave,  I was researching the Boone’s Lick Road yet the research would give me insights into so many other stories about St. Charles’ Historic Main Street. (See link for tour and map of all 150 stories!) 

 

Notes

[i] Family papers

[ii] Houck’s History

[iii] Arkansas Land Warrant

[iv] Borremeo Records

[v] SCCHS, Eckert Family File

[vi] City of St. Charles Minutes, Book A

[vii] City of St. Charles Minutes, Book A

[viii]Wm. Eckert Probate

[ix] Wm. Eckert Probate

[x] Borremeo Records

[xi] Wm. Eckert Probate

[xii] Supplied by Justin Watkins

[xiii] Abstract for Block 1, also known as Hall’s Addition

 

Eckert’s Tavern “Sign of the Buffalo” at 515 South Main Street (Today’s Bradden’s Tavern)
The Western House at the corner of the Boone’s Lick Road and South Main Street in St. Charles, MO (1001 S. Main St.)
Morrison's Mercantile
Morrison’s Mercantile on South Main Street (Today’s Berthold Park) at the southwest intersection of Clay (today’s First Capitol) and South Main Street. Morrison owned the salt lick at the other end of the Boone’s Lick Road. From the John J. Buse Photo collection State Historical Society of Missouri.
St. Charles Woolen Mill
920 South Main was Franklin Newbill’s Woolen Mill that was used by Col. Arnold Krrekel’s Union Troops during the Civil War. The troops would use it to guard the Missouri River traffic and the railroad.
Newbill-McElhiney house
625 South Main originally was a smaller two-story building that was later enlarged by the McElhiney family. The earliest portion had been built by William Eckert.

2 comments

  1. I thought St Charles was selected as the temporary capital specifically because the combined space above the Peck brothers’ store and residence and Chauncey Shepherd’s residence was available and offered free of rent. Are you implying that the representatives from St Charles were offering a choice of spaces for free and that the decision to use the Peck brothers/Shepherd space was made after the selection of St Charles as the temporary capital?

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